What are the different Types of Stroke?
Oct 18, 2019
What are the Different Types of Stroke?

A stroke is an interruption in blood supply to the brain that causes brain cell death. Some strokes result in permanent disability, whereas others are so mild that they go unnoticed. Depending on where a stroke occurs in the brain and the severity of the stroke, one or more body systems may be affected. For these reasons, it is safe to say that stroke does not always look the same from person to person.

The Two Major Types of Stroke:

  1. Ischemic stroke
  2. Hemorrhagic stroke

stroke-1

Ischemic Stroke

Over 80% of strokes are ischemic strokes, resulting when a vessel within the brain is blocked by a blood clot or other bodily matter. This blockage reduces oxygen-delivering blood flow and causes progressive brain tissue death. A drug known as tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) can be given within the first few hours of stroke to help dissolve a blood clot and restore blood flow, thereby improving outcomes. As it may be hard to recognize the signs of a stroke, may individuals miss the “window” for tPA and are treated via other means.

Hemorrhagic Stroke

Hemorrhagic strokes are less common, resulting from bleeding within the brain and skull. Blood vessels altered by an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), brain aneurysm, or a disease process may be more likely to rupture and bleed. A ruptured vessel can cause blood to accumulate within the brain, compressing its tissues and causing a dangerous increase in pressure, leading to cell death. Hemorrhagic strokes may be treated by reducing pressure within the skull and administering drugs to stop the bleeding.

What is a mini-stroke?

The term “mini-stroke” is often used to describe a mild stroke-like episode from which someone recovers quickly. This type of stroke is known as a transient ischemic attack or TIA. Like an ischemic stroke, a TIA is caused by reduced bloodflow to the brain; however, the symptoms of a TIA resolve within an hour. Despite the fact that a TIA may seem like a passing event, this type of mini-stroke is usually a warning sign of a future, bigger stroke. Over 30% of individuals who have a TIA will have a larger stroke within the year. Therefore, it is important to discuss any experience of stroke-like symptoms with your doctor.

If you have had a stroke and are looking for an effective solution for your rehabilitation needs, please look into the Neofect line of Smart Rehabilitation products. Our neurorehabilitation products include support from occupational therapists to maximize functional gains. Please call (888) 623-8984 or email us at info@neofect.com for further inquiry.

Neofect_Smart_glove_for_stroke_rehab

--
*References:

  1. American Stroke Association. Types of Stroke. 2019, https://www.stroke.org/en/about-stroke/types-of-stroke.

  2. Mayo Clinic. Stroke: Symptoms and Causes. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 5 Sept. 2019, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stroke/symptoms-causes/syc-20350113.

All content provided on this blog is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately. Reliance on any information provided by the Neofect website is solely at your own risk.

WRITTEN BY

  • Alison Scarpa, OTR/L
    Alison is an occupational therapist and health writer based out of Chicago, IL. Alison lends a diverse background of experience to the Neofect USA team in her role as a Clinical Manager.
RELATED POSTS

Rehab with Real-World Objects for Improved Hand Use After Stroke
Hand Rehab
Rehab with Real-World Objects for Improved Hand Use After Stroke
Does your home exercise program go beyond basic stretching and strengthening? Consider incorporating task-specific training into your routine to maximize arm and hand function.
Hand Rehab after Stroke: The Top 5 Evidenced-Based Methods
Hand Rehab
Hand Rehab after Stroke: The Top 5 Evidenced-Based Methods
You've probably heard a lot of recommendations on how to recover hand function after stroke. We sifted through the research for you to explain the top 5 medically proven methods for hand rehabilitation, why they work, and who they work for.
Stroke, Brain Injury, and Dementia: is there a link?
Post-Stroke
Stroke, Brain Injury, and Dementia: is there a link?
A brain injury can increase your risk of developing dementia. Learn about what causes dementia after brain injury and how to lower your risk.
using-neofect-smartglove-to-maximize-constraint-induced-movement-therapy
Neuroplasticity
Using the Neofect Smart Glove to Maximize Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy
Constraint Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) is used to treat people with Hemiplegia by constraining or restricting movement of the non-affected hand to force a person to use their affected hand.
What  does  a  drop  foot  brace  do?
Foot drop
What Does A Foot Drop Brace Do?
Are you contemplating to buy a drop foot brace? Here is the check list you need to consider before buying one.
NeoMano: A Grasp Assist Device Gets Ready to Make a Debut!
NeoMano
NeoMano: A Grasp Assist Device Gets Ready to Make a Debut!
The NeoMano is a soft, wearable robotic glove that allows for grasp of everyday objects using the thumb post and the pointer and middle fingers with use of titanium wires and a small motor and battery pack.