You may be wondering if you are likely to have a stroke in the future. Well, there is no way to determine for sure who will and who will not have a stroke. However, we do know that certain people are at greater risk than others. You may also be wondering if you can control your stroke risk factors by exercising or changing your diet. The answer is complicated because there are many factors that contribute into why one may have a stroke, some are controllable and some are not.
6 Controllable factors
that can put you at a higher risk for stroke are: increased blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, smoking, drinking, and obesity. It is very important for people that exhibit these conditions to maintain a healthy lifestyle by exercising, eating healthy. Increased blood pressure is the leading cause of myocardial infarction, angina, renal insufficiency, and stroke. 20-30% of the total population presents with high blood pressure. High blood pressure can increases the risk of stroke by 4 times the rate of a person with healthy blood pressure.
Many people have high blood pressure but are unaware because they don't exhibit any symptoms however, uncontrolled high blood pressure can gradually narrow arteries and limit the blood flow. High blood pressure can eventually cause a blockage or cause a ruptures which ultimately can cause a stroke.
Therefore it is very important to have regular check ups in order to maintain a healthy blood pressure. Average healthy blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg.. Blood pressure can be controlled by exercise, eating healthy and losing weight. By maintaining a healthy blood pressure, you lower your chances of having a stroke.
3 Uncontrollable factors
that can increase your chance of having a stroke are: age, gender and family history.
● Age: For every 10 years starting from the age of 5, your risk increases.
● Gender: Men are more likely to have a stroke than women
● Family history: A person who has the family history of stroke is more likely to have a stroke than someone who has no family history.
However, it doesn’t necessarily mean every stroke is hereditary. Ruptured cerebral aneurysms, arteriovenous malformation, superabundant coagulation are likely to be inherited and uncontrollable but very rare. A family with the same daily habits is likely to have similar diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, which can cause a stroke but can be controlled.
Though it’s not possible to control all the risk factors of a stroke, we must try to lower the risk of stroke by taking care of the controllable factors. Please visit Neofect website for more information about stroke prevention.
- June LeeClinical Manager / Physical Therapist